Third Reader’s Survey


Table of Contents

Please assist us in making the Habitat Hotline a more reader-friendly document by filling out the 4-page survey that follows below. The results from the survey will be published in early 1999. Please return this survey no later than January 8, 1999. An "Updates" section can be found starting on page 5.

Questions pertaining to the Habitat Hotline:

1. Indicate which sections of the Habitat Hotline interest you the most:


Congressional Information


State Issues Section


Columbia River Information


Updates Section


Forestry/Range/Mining and Other Land Use Issues


Good News


Clean Water Act and Wetlands


Environmental Educational Materials


Watershed Restoration Success Stories


Meeting Announcements


Climate and Ocean Condition Information


Marine Habitat Topics


Grants and Funding for Habitat Restoration


Other (specify) ____________________

2. The length of Hotline is:


Too Long


Too Short


Just Right

3.Upon receiving the Hotline I read it:


Right Away


Within a Week


After a Week

4. Have you accessed the Hotline on PSMFC’s website at http://www.psmfc.org?





5. Do you use the Internet to obtain information on fisheries or fish habitat issues?





6.Do you think the Habitat Hotline should contain a more diverse set of viewpoints on issues, such as from the timber, mining, and grazing industries, wise use groups, etc.?






No Opinion

7. Have you ever taken an action (such as commenting on a rule making or calling a decision-maker) as a result of information you read in the Habitat Hotline?






More than Once

8. Have you ever used the contacts listed at the end of the Hotline articles to obtain further information on an issue?






More than Once

9. Please use the space below for additional comments on the contents or nature of the Habitat Hotline.






Other Questions:

10. In 1999 the National Marine Fisheries Service is supposed to make a determination on long-term management of the Snake and Columbia Basins for salmon and steelhead recovery. Do you favor removal of the four dams on the lower Snake River as a long-term solution to salmon recovery?






I don’t have enough information to make a decision

11.Do you feel current state and federal regulations protecting fish habitat (i.e., pollution laws, forest practices, and wetlands regulations) are:


Too Strict


About Right


Too Lax


Don’t Know


No Opinion


12.Please indicate your opinion regarding the following statement:

Habitat protection laws such as the Clean Water Act (including wetlands regulations) and the Endangered Species Act must be amended to accommodate economic growth (new houses, schools, roads).


Strongly Agree


Strongly Disagree


Don’t Care





13. Please indicate your opinion regarding the following statement:

Economic growth (new houses, schools, roads, factories) must take into account the protection of water quality, preservation of wetlands, and general watershed health, even if it means an increase in short term costs to tax payers.


Strongly Agree


Strongly Disagree


Don’t Care





14.Please indicate your opinion regarding the following statement:

We need stronger laws (in addition to what is already contained in the United States Constitution) to protect private property rights.


Strongly Agree


Strongly Disagree


Don’t Care





15.Please indicate your opinion regarding the following statement:

While fish habitat protection and restoration are important, without a significant reduction in the number of salmon harvesters, we will never realize salmon recovery.


Strongly Agree


Strongly Disagree


Don’t Care





16.Please indicate your opinion to the following statement:

As a taxpayer, I would be willing to pay the following amount of money per year that would go towards a salmon recovery fund.











17. How would describe your interest or knowledge regarding Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) appertaining to the 1996 Sustainable Fisheries Act?


I don’t know what EFH is


Moderate interest and/or knowledge


I am aware of EFH, but have little interest


Very interested and/or knowledgeable

18.Who are you?


Recreational Fisherman


Commercial Fisherman


Tribal Member, Government


Concerned Citizen


State/Federal Government




Fishing Industry—Recreational


Environmental Group Representative


Fishing Industry—Commercial




Non-fishing industry



Help Save Paper—Get the Hotline Faster

If you are interested in being notified electronically when the Habitat Hotline is available on the PSMFC homepage, please provide us with the information below. You will also help us to save on paper and postage!





Corrections to Your Label

In order to update our mailing list, please indicate any corrections to your mailing address below. Write your old address (or tape your mailing label), as it appears on your newsletter on the left, and indicate the appropriate corrections on the right.



























Removal Request:

If you wish to be removed from our mailing list, please check here and provide your name above.


Detach the two pages of the survey from the rest of the Habitat Hotline. Fold along the dotted line, staple or tape closed, and mail your completed survey to the address below or fax it to us at (503) 650-5426.





Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission
45 SE 82nd Drive, Suite 100
Gladstone, OR 97027-2522



On other environmental issues, Environmental and Energy Weekly cites environmental and public interest groups as saying the newly elected Republican House leaders have "poor environmental track records and the outlook for environmental and renewable energy issues is far from rosy." According to Greenwire, environmentalists and congressional staff are generally "taking a wait-and-see approach" to the new Speaker of the House, Representative Bob Livingston (R-La.), and that "Congress may see ‘cleaner spending bills’ with fewer environmental riders with Livingston at the helm." Environmental and Energy Weekly also reports that Representative Livingston opposed anti-environmental riders in appropriations bills. Also, according to Greenwire, "many sources" expect SUPERFUND reform will be "politically infeasible" in the 106th Congress, given the GOP’s smaller majority and the presidential election coming up in 2000. On 11/20/98, the Public Lands News reported that "without Newt Gingrich around to restrain western House Republicans next year [they] will probably attempt to move their own ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT reform bill."


The Commission recognizes the imperilment and importance of Snake River salmon and steelhead, and the importance of the 1999 Decision Point [*] in setting a course for recovery. The Commission will work collectively to help ensure the 1999 Decision Point is not deferred and that the decision is made with the best available scientific, social, and economic information. Recovery actions must ensure a high probability of providing 2-6% smolt-to-adult survival for inriver migrants of wild Snake River salmon and steelhead stocks. The Commission recognizes that current information indicates the natural river option is currently the best biological choice for recovery. The Commission supports continued work to clarify the biological component of the 1999 Decision Point to ensure the best possible resolution by the end of 1999. The Commission recognizes that biology is only one component of a long-term recovery decision. Social and economic factors are also important and determine whether the decision will be politically sustainable. The Commission encourages decision makers to shift the focus of the debate to pivotal social and economic factors.

*In 1999 the National Marine Fisheries Service is supposed to make a determination on long-term management of the Snake and Columbia Basins for salmon and steelhead recovery.

In response to Congressional concern and more than 83,000 comments received on the DEIS’s, the agencies have decided to develop a new approach for the Basin that would be analyzed in a supplemental environmental impact statement (EIS) with full public involvement. The new alternative, or alternatives, will address the limited number of issues that must be resolved at the Basin level. This approach will be less complex and less costly, while still meeting scientific standards that will ensure sound management and underpin compliance with environmental laws. Based on the data and analysis that are already available, the regional executives expect that the preparation of a supplemental EIS with improved effects analysis will delay the issuance of a record of decision by six to nine months. The new ICBEMP approach will include basin-wide direction built around four basic components: aquatic habitat; terrestrial species habitat; landscape health; and human needs, products, and services. These components, and any other basin-level considerations, will be science-based and integrated to support restoration and maintenance objectives. Thus, ICBEMP will focus on the successful management of a limited number of landscape level issues and appropriate application of basin-wide data to individual areas. The aquatic conservation strategy will replace interim strategies such as PACFISH [*] and INFISH. The approach will attempt to guarantee adequate habitat, water quality, and long term viability for steelhead, salmon, bulltrout, cutthroat, and other species as they migrate from one administrative unit to another. The aquatic strategy will also address Basin-wide considerations that arise from Clean Water Act responsibilities. The local land manager, coordinating with other Federal agencies, tribal and local governments, and the public, will be responsible for designing and sequencing local restoration activities within the context of the basin-wide strategies. It is our expectation that most actual management decisions will be made at the local level. We have asked that the regional executives develop a plan that can accommodate a range of funding levels so that Congress and the Administration can consider, on an annual basis, the costs and benefits of action and inaction, and set an appropriate pace for restoration and management. The Forest Service and BLM [Bureau of Land Management] will continue to consult and conduct environmental analyses on each management activity or project that may affect endangered or threatened species or the environment under the Endangered Species Act and the National Environmental Policy Act. Once the final EIS and decision are published, we expect to phase out the ICBEMP offices.

*PACFISH, implemented in 1995, restricts logging, road building, and cattle grazing activity in areas outside the range of the spotted owl on BLM and US Forest Service lands in Idaho, Oregon, Washington, and California. PACFISH calls for buffers of 300 feet on fish bearing streams and lakes, 150 feet on permanently flowing non-fish bearing streams. INFISH requires habitat protection measures for native fish in the Upper Columbia River Basin. For further information on ICBEMP visit their website at http://www.icbemp.gov/ or call Andy Brunelle of the ICBEMP at (208) 334-1770, Ext. 120.

Although Atlantic salmon are believed to be genetically distinct enough not to interbreed successfully with Pacific salmon.., it is plausible that the large number of escaped fish occurring in some river systems may someday lead to the establishment of a reproductive population in the Pacific Ocean. Crab fishermen are concerned that the proposed project will negatively impact crab resources. According to Dale Beasley of the Columbia River Crab Fishermen’s Association, "The Corps plans to dump dredge spoils across 75 square miles of ocean floor at the mouth of the Columbia River could threaten the future of crab fishing." Copies of the 5-volume Integrated Feasibility Report for Channel Improvements and Environmental Impact Statement (Columbia & Lower Willamette River Navigation Channel) are available in city libraries along the Columbia River or by calling the Corps of Engineers number below. For further information contact Steve Stevens of the US Army Corps of Engineers at (503) 808-4768, or by e-mail at Steven.J.Stevens@usace.army.mil; or Dale Beasley, Columbia River Crab Fishermen’s Associations at (360) 642-3942. Comments should be mailed to:

US Army Corps of Engineers
Portland District, CENWP-PE-E
ATTN: Steven J. Stevens
P.O. Box 2946
Portland, Oregon 97208-2946




The shipping and oil industries and their friends in the Coast Guard have stalled the issue of additional tug resources, but, enough is enough. People all around the Sound and the Straits cheered, when Vice President Gore promised [in 09/98] tugs before winter, but, announcing more studies without dealing with the immediate threat of an oil spill simply defies common sense. There are lots of ways to solve this problem but what we need is the will and the leadership to do it. The President could issue an executive order. Or the Navy could station a rescue vessel at the mouth of the Strait. I trust that the Vice President will keep his promise.

For further information contact People for Puget Sound at (206) 382-7007

12/11/98: CLOSE OF FIRST ROUND COMMENT PERIOD. Mid-December—The Governor’s office typically releases the proposed state budget and executive-request legislation the third week in December. Budget and legislative priorities for salmon recovery will be announced at this time. Mid-January—Release of complete draft Statewide Salmon Recovery, Strategy to Legislature and the public. Spring 1999—Next spring, when a state budget and salmon-related legislation are approved, the Statewide Salmon Recovery Strategy will be further refined. The goal is to submit a comprehensive draft salmon recovery strategy to the National Marine Fisheries Service next summer.

For a copy of the draft strategy and for further information contact Sandi Snell of the Governor’s Salmon Recovery Office at (360) 902-2229. A copy of the draft strategy can also be accessed on the Internet at http://www.wa.gov/esa/.


US Fish and Wildlife Service
c/o Maureen Smith
2600 SE 98th Avenue, Suite 100
Portland, Oregon 97266

[The] SMURFIT Newsprint Corp. of Sweet Home, Ore., pleaded GUILTY on Nov. 10, to violating the Clean Water Act and was sentenced by the US District Court for the District of Oregon in Portland to pay a $50,000 fine. The court also ordered the defendant to provide $7,500 to the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality and $7,500 to the Western States Hazardous Waste Project. Smurfit manufactures exterior siding at the Sweet Home facility. The company admitted that in March 1995 it discharged industrial wastewater containing phenol and formaldehyde into Cotton Creek, which is a tributary of the Santiam River. Not only was the discharge potentially harmful to fish and other aquatic life, but it also caused the nearby city of Albany, Ore., to temporarily suspend the use of the Santiam River as a primary source of drinking water. The case was investigated by EPA’s Criminal Investigation Division, the FBI, the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality and the Oregon State Police.


On 04/09/97, the California Coastal Commission ruled that the electric utility company must complete mitigation projects (wetlands restoration, construction of a 150-acre kelp reef offshore, fish hatchery construction) to offset the impacts of its San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station. According to the Associated Press, Edison officials believe that rocks or concrete dumped a half-mile off the coast of San Clemente would provide a place for kelp, crustaceans and other sea life to latch on to. The hope is that kelp spores floating in seawater will begin growing on the rocks without human intervention, eventually forming kelp forests found in near-shore waters. Details of Edison’s kelp restoration plans are scheduled to be released Dec. 10.

This decision is not an easy one to make, considering the effects on employees, but we simply cannot allow these violations to continue. Although we are aware of the potential economic impact of this decision, our primary objective must be to enforce the rules which protect our environment, along with the economy.

Pacific Lumber is at the center of a decade-long fight to save a grove of virgin old-growth redwood trees called Headwaters. The state and federal government are trying to complete a deal by March 1999 that would give Pacific Lumber $480 million in exchange for the government gaining title to 9,500 acres, including Headwaters. As part of that deal, Pacific Lumber also would gain permission to harm endangered salmon and seabirds in the course of its logging.

The Guadalupe’s urban chinook and steelhead have been threatened by a flood control project and construction of a city park by the US Army Corps of Engineers/Santa Clara Valley Water District (See Habitat Hotline Number 26). According to the City of San Jose, the Corps of Engineers’ Guadalupe River Flood Control project is essential to the elimination of a critical flood threat that exists in the downtown area of San Jose and fulfill a need for open space and recreational areas. Work done in the initial phases of this project destroyed spawning and rearing habitat for chinook salmon.

However, recently the fish got some GOOD NEWS when a new design for the flood control project was unveiled which will help preserve remaining fish habitat in the river. The plan calls for construction of a half-mile long tunnel as a flood control device. By constructing the tunnel, plans to widen the river and remove trees and brush in the riparian area were scrapped, as well as plans to line the river’s bottom and banks with concrete. Leading the way to protect the Guadalupe’s salmon habitat has been the Guadalupe Coyote Resource Conservation District (GRCD). The GRCD has been pressuring the Corps to ensure that the project be conducted in a more fish-friendly manner. In July 1996, the Natural Heritage Institute, on behalf of the GRCD, filed a complaint against the Santa Clara Valley Water District with the State Water Resources Control Board. Nancy Bernardi, one of the directors of the GRCD, said that everyone is pleased with what has happened with the revised flood control plan.


According to Worldwatch, from China to Central America, the evidence is now clear that some of the most damaging weather-related events of 1998 were "unnatural" disasters. Deforestation has left many steep hillsides bare, causing rainfall to run quickly into rivers rather than being absorbed, and often leading to devastating landslides and floods. At the same time, growing population pressures have led many people to settle on vulnerable flood plains and hillsides. While meteorologists connect some of the 1998 disasters to El Niño and its aftermath, no previous El Niño has resulted in such devastating consequences. The need for healthy ecosystems is further underscored by the accelerated climate change projected by scientists in the coming decades, due to the failure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This is likely to lead to more severe storms, floods, and droughts in many regions. Munich Re, one of the world’s leading insurance companies, issued a report in late 1998 suggesting that in the years ahead, large areas of the world, including the southeastern United States and Indonesia, may become virtually uninsurable. For further information contact the Worldwatch Institute at (202) 452-1992 or visit their website at www.worldwatch.org.

"Economic Losses from Weather-Related Natural Disaster Worldwide, 1980-98". Note: 1998 is preliminary, based on 11 months. (Source: Worldwatch web site: http://www. worldwatch.org/alerts/981127a.html)


This three-year agreement provides the funding and habitat restoration expertise to begin eight kickoff projects throughout the coastal United States. According to Terry Garcia, assistant secretary of commerce for oceans and atmosphere and deputy NOAA administrator:

Restoring marine fish habitat by working directly with the local community provides the best benefit to marine resources for American’s tax dollars. NOAA’s $50,000 coupled with an equal amount from ASA, will result in almost a half million dollars of restoration through in-kind contributions, local donations, and volunteer work.

For further information contact Gordon Helm of NMFS at (301) 713-2370; or Mike Horak of ASA at (703) 519-9691.


To subscribe to the bulletin, send an e-mail with a blank subject line to cbb-list-request@majordomo.net. In the body of the e-mail, type the word "subscribe" (the quotation marks are not necessary). Further information and archive editions are also available at http://www.nwppc.org. ____________ EDITOR’S NOTE: We welcome information on habitat news in your area. Information should pertain to habitat of marine, estuarine, or anadromous fish or shellfish. Feel free to fax us newspaper articles, copies of letters, press releases, public hearing notices, etc., to (503) 650-5426. Funding for this publication comes in part from Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration. If you have any questions regarding the contents of this publication, or about our habitat education program, please contact: Stephen Phillips, Editor, Habitat Hotline, 45 SE 82nd Drive, Suite 100, Gladstone, Oregon 97027-2522. Phone: (503) 650-5400, Fax: (503) 650-5426. Messages can also be E-mailed to Stephen_Phillips@psmfc.org. Editorial assistance and layout by Liza Bauman. Printed on 100% recycled post-consumer paper. Date of Issue: 12/4/98.    

The Staff of Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission

wishes you a joyous holiday season!